Your heart needs oxygen to survive. A heart attack occurs when the heart doesn’t get oxygen it requires due to blockage in the blood veins carrying blood to the heart.

Heart attacks is called as myocardial infarctions, is a very common cause of death in the people age above 40 years all over the world. World Health Organization (WHO) says cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death recording 17.9 million deaths each year across the globe.

The major cause of occurring heart attack and stroke is the increasing habit of eating fast food and unhealthy diet. Other most important behavioural risks factors are physical inactivity due increasing addiction of smartphones, use of tobacco and harmful use alcohol in almost all age groups.

This changing lifestyle is leading to severe effects in individuals such as obesity, raised blood lipids, raised blood glucose and raised blood pressure. These are the “intermediate risk factors” can increase the risk of heart failure, heart attack and stroke and other cardiovascular complications.

The most common symptoms of heart attack are sudden discomfort in the chest and pain in the arm, shoulder, jaw or back. In addition, the individual may experience shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, headache, numbness of especially one side of body, dizziness, unconsciousness, etc. Often, there are no prominent symptoms shown by the patient. Identifying these symptoms as early as possible to receive appropriate treatment can prevent the premature deaths.

In addition, adapting healthy lifestyle by increasing amount of fruits and vegetables in the diet, reducing salt in food, regular exercise and avoiding smoking and alcohol can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

By Ulhas